The APA Toolkit has been designed to provide tools you can use to help you understand and format citations in APA format. Please contact your instructor for guidance if you have a specific question about a citation or formatting your paper.
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The American Psychological Association (APA) writing style is a formatting and citation standard for publications, papers, essays, and books. It is the primary writing style required for University of Phoenix assignments.
Whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you must cite the source of the information. Using citations gives credit to the ideas, words, and thoughts of others you use in your paper.
In addition, citing the works of others allows you to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is using another person's work, words, or ideas without attribution. Plagiarism falls into three main categories:
Plagiarism is highly unethical and, in many cases, can have severe consequences beyond reducing your credibility as an author or researcher. For more information about plagiarism, see the university's plagiarism tutorial.
Citation generators create citations for a single resource. Please note that there are no perfect citation generators. They are designed to take the information you enter and generate a citation based on the citation type you select. They will not correct spelling errors or find the information you may have omitted, but they will save you time by formatting your references close to the citation style you select. You should always double-check your references in the APA Style manual or on the APA Style website.
Citing: Acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas.
In-Text Citation: A brief reference in the body of the essay or paper that indicates you are using another source. An in-text citation should always match more detailed information in the reference list.
Paraphrasing: Taking the information you have read and putting it into your own words. Paraphrasing should always include a citation.
Quoting: Also called direct quote. The copying of exact words or phrases of text from another source. Quotes should be placed in quotation marks.
Reference: Details about one cited source.
Reference List: A list of all sources cited in your essay or paper, which gives the reader all the information they need to locate the source.
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Verifying the correct format of your citations and references with the APA style manual is the best way to ensure they are right. The most recent edition (7th) can be purchased online from the APA Style website or book retailers like Amazon.
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).